Tech Terms You Should Know

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We are now living in a world controlled by technology. Each day we are faced with tech terms and they often get in our way and disturb our daily lives. Most of us were not born with tech knowledge and we struggle to understand this tech jargon.

Here we define and simplify most tech words that we face daily, so that even an ordinary man on the street can understand them. Take a look at our list of tech terms everyone should know in the table below.

Terms Meaning
Accelerometer It is a divice imbedded in smartphones to detect the position and orientation of the phone, eg. if the phone is on landscape or portrait mode.
ADSL It stands for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. It is a broadband technology used for connecting to the internet. It enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
Android It is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. - Wikipedia.
Backup The act of copying files from your phone/computer to an external device eg. USB drive or memory card for safe keeping.
Bandwidth In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path. In simple terms it is the maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection in a given amount of time. Eg. 1Mbps (1 megabit per second).
Booting It is a startup sequence that starts the operating system of a computer when it is turned on. A boot sequence is the initial set of operations that the computer performs when it is switched on. -
Bitcoin It is a form of digital currency – a new form of money, essentially – that is tradable throughout the world. It is not an official currency, however, which means that it operates without the involvement of banks or clearinghouse. - Shopify.
Cache It is machanism in computeing that stores data to shorten data access times, reduce latency and improve speed of the system. Browsers also store files (cache) eg. images from websites to improve load times.
Cookies It is a small amount of data generated by a website and saved by your web browser. Its purpose is to remember information about you, similar to a preference file created by a software application eg. store login information for a specific site. -
Drivers it is a program that controls a device. Every device, whether it be a printer, disk drive, or keyboard, must have a driver program. A driver acts like a translator between the device and programs that use the device. - Webopedia.
Encryption Encryption is the process of converting data to an unrecognizable or "encrypted" form. It is commonly used to protect sensitive information so that only authorized parties can view it. This includes files and storage devices, as well as data transferred over wireless networks and the Internet. -
GIF It stands for Graphics Interchange Format. It is a still or moving image format.
IMEI It stands for International Mobile Equipment Identity. It is a code that uniquely identifies mobile phones. It can be used by service providers to prevent a misplaced or stolen phone from initiating calls.
JPEG It is a file format for compressing images. It stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group.
LCD It is the technology used for displays in laptops and smartphones. Smartphone screens are refered to as LCDs. It stands for Liquid Crystal Display.
LED It stands for Light Emitting Diode. These diodes emit light when a voltage is passed through them. This technology is incoperated into electronic displays (screens) to produce high quality picture.
Mp3 It is a music format which allows sound to be compressed into a very small file for digital storage.
Malware It is short for Malicious Software. It is software which is specifically designed to disrupt, damage, or gain authorized access to a computer system.
Mbps It is short for Megabits per second. It is a measurement for broadband speed. The higher the number of Mbps you have, the faster your internet should be.
Operating System An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. Eg. Windows 10, Ubuntu, Android, etc.
PDF The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. - Wikipedia.
Safe Mode Safe mode is a diagnostic mode of a computer operating system (OS). It can also refer to a mode of operation by application software. In Windows, safe mode only allows essential system programs and services to start up at boot. Safe mode is intended to help fix most, if not all problems within an operating system. It is also widely used for removing rogue security software. - Wikipedia.
Server A server is a computer program that provides a service to another computer programs (and its user). In a data center, the physical computer that a server program runs in is also frequently referred to as a server. That machine may be a dedicated server or it may be used for other purposes as well. - Techtarget.
Spam It refers to unsolicited commercial emails sent over the Internet, typically to a large number of users, for the purposes of advertising.
URL URL stands for Universal Resource Locator. It is a reference (link) to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network. In simple terms, it is a web adrress.
Search Engine It is a computer program that finds information on the internet by looking for words that you have typed in. Examples of search engines are Google, Bing, etc.
Tethering It is the sharing of a mobile device's internet connection with other connected devices. Connection of a mobile device with other devices can be done over Wi-Fi, over Bluetooth or by physical connection using a cable.
Virus A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code. When this replication succeeds, the affected areas are then said to be "infected" with a computer virus. Wikipedia
WiFi It is a technology allowing computers, smartphones, or other devices to connect to the Internet or communicate with one another wirelessly within a particular area.